Sri Lankan nutmeg, which contains an acute flavor of hazelnut, is widely used to sweeten dishes. There are 02 diverse culinary spices produced by the nutmeg tree namely nutmeg and mace. The nutmeg is considered to be sweet whereas the maze is strong and tart. Ceylon nutmeg can be included to Sheppard’s pie, cheese dishes and root vegetable purees. This spice is used in Indian cuisine as an ingredient in savory and sweet dishes. In Indonesia, nutmeg is mainly used in soups. The Middle-eastern cuisine uses nutmeg in savory dishes. Nutmeg is included in baked goods and processed meats in European cuisine. The Dutch cuisine contains nutmeg in vegetable dishes, whereas the Italian cuisine uses it for stuffing and meatloaf. The Japanese use this spice for their curries while in the Caribbean nutmeg is often used in drinks.
Nutmeg is also used in traditional Indian and Chinese medicines. Research has proven that nutmeg reduces bad cholesterol, kills leukemia cells, increases libido and kills rotaviruses. Many wars have been fought over to control the cultivation of nutmeg due to its popularity. The British East India Company played a crucial role in the cultivation of nutmeg in countries like Sri Lanka. The key import markets are Europe, Japan and USA.